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Hunter’s Bounty: Preserving Your Game in the Wild

Hunter man with his prey and dog.

The thrill of the hunt is unparalleled, and the reward of fresh game is a testament to a hunter’s skill. However, ensuring that your hard-earned game doesn’t spoil is crucial. Not only does it honor the animal you’ve taken, but in a survival scenario, it also ensures you have sustenance for days, even weeks to come. Let’s dive into the methods to make sure your catch remains fresh and safe to eat.

72 Hour Food survival Kit

Field Dressing

A deer hunter holding a knife prepares to skin, dress and process the shot deer while in the field
This is the first and most crucial step. As soon as the game is harvested, it’s essential to remove its entrails, which can accelerate spoilage. By doing so, you’re also allowing the body to cool down faster.

Air Circulation 

Fresh Deer Kill Being Hung and Prepped for Dressing

Keeping the game in a position where there’s adequate air circulation will significantly slow down the spoiling process. If possible, hang the game by its hind legs.

72 Hour Food survival Kit

Cooling the Meat

closeup butchering carcasses of elk in the snow on the hunt in the winter

Cooling the meat as soon as possible will prevent bacterial growth. In colder climates, nature does the job for you. However, in warmer conditions, consider packing the body cavities with bags of ice. This will keep the meat cooler and prevent spoilage.


smokehouse for smoking fresh caught bonga fish
Smoking is an age-old preservation method. It involves cooking the meat at a low temperature over a wood-fueled fire, allowing it to absorb the smoke. This not only flavors the meat but also dries it out, making it harder for bacteria to thrive.

72 Hour Food survival Kit


Fresh salt water Sardines preserved in salt
Salting draws moisture out of the meat, creating an environment where bacteria find it hard to survive. After salting the game generously, leave it in a cool, dry place to dry out further.

Drying or Making Jerky

Homemade beef jerky

Drying is one of the oldest food preservation methods. Cut the meat into thin strips, salt them, and then let them dry in the sun or over a slow fire. Once dried, these strips, or jerky, can last for months if kept in a cool, dry place.

72 Hour Food survival Kit


Canned meat in a glass jar
While a bit more complex and equipment-heavy, canning is a great way to preserve meat. It involves sealing the meat in airtight containers and then boiling them to kill off any bacteria. Once cooled and sealed, canned game can last for years.

Safety Precautions

– Always ensure your hands and equipment are clean before handling game.

– If you’re uncertain about the freshness of the meat, it’s better to err on the side of caution and discard it.

– While drying or smoking meat, ensure it’s adequately protected from insects and scavengers.

Hunting is not just about the pursuit but also about respecting the game and ensuring nothing goes to waste. Proper preservation is both an art and a necessity. It guarantees that the fruits of your labor provide nourishment for an extended period, cementing the role of the hunter as a provider and guardian of survival. Remember, nature rewards those who respect its bounty and rhythms.



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Utah County Commissioner Wade Heaton Under Investigation for Baiting Big Game


Current County Commissioner Wade Heaton is facing serious allegations regarding the potential baiting of big game on the Alton Cooperative Wildlife Management Unit (Alton CWMU) in Utah. Heaton, who owns the Heaton Ranch and Color Country Outfitters, both operating on the Alton CWMU, is at the center of this controversy.

The Alton CWMU is part of a program that grants landowners vouchers for big game permits. These vouchers can be sold, along with guiding services, for substantial sums of money. In exchange, landowners must collaborate with the state to maintain wildlife habitats on their property and allow some public land hunters access to hunt the land.

Allegations and Investigation

Wyoming while hunting big-game

On October 4, 2023, the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources (UDWR) filed a detailed report implicating Heaton and six others in unlawful big game baiting, unlawful taking/possession of protected wildlife, and a pattern of unlawful activity within the Alton CWMU. This investigation could have significant ramifications for Heaton, including the potential loss of his ability to operate the CWMU if found guilty.

Following the release of the report, Heaton, who was also a member of the Utah Wildlife Board, resigned five days later, citing increasing personal and professional responsibilities. The resignation came through an email to the UDWR, stating that he no longer had the time to serve on the Wildlife Board effectively.

The report lists eleven other individuals involved, some of whom appear to be hunters. The allegations against Heaton, if proven, could lead to severe consequences, including the suspension of hunting privileges.

Baiting big game was banned in Utah in 2021, aligning with similar decisions in other western states. Baiting is defined as placing food or nutrients to manipulate wildlife behavior, which can result in charges ranging from a class B misdemeanor to a third-degree felony. However, there is an exemption for salt licks used for agricultural purposes, which are legal and can be hunted over.

Heaton Ranch, being a cattle ranch, has distributed salt licks, which are technically legal under this exemption. However, the specifics of what UDWR is investigating as potential baiting by Heaton remain unclear, as much of the report’s information is redacted.

Heaton has faced similar accusations in the past. In 2019, Heaton Ranch used apples to bait mule deer, which was legal at the time. In 2004, Heaton was accused of cornering deer with 8-foot-high fencing, though no charges were filed.

The investigation has been referred to the Utah County Attorney’s Office for evaluation of possible charges. The Utah County Attorney’s office and UDWR have not responded to inquiries about the case, maintaining its ongoing status. Heaton has also not responded to multiple requests for comment from The Salt Lake Tribune regarding the allegations.

The outcome of this investigation could significantly impact Heaton’s operations and reputation. The allegations highlight the complexities and legal challenges associated with wildlife management and hunting regulations. As the investigation continues, the hunting community and stakeholders await further developments and potential implications for the future of the Alton CWMU and wildlife management practices in Utah.

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What You Need to Know About Zeroing a Red Dot


Red dot optics have come a long way since their introduction in the 1970s. Initially slow to gain popularity, they are now a staple among hunters and sport shooters for everything from turkey hunting to self-defense. Even inexpensive models have proven to be useful and reliable. While red dots are fantastic once sighted in, the process of zeroing them can be a bit challenging, especially for new shooters. The lack of magnification can make precise aiming difficult, and the turret adjustments aren’t always exactly accurate. However, with some understanding and practice, zeroing a red dot becomes a straightforward process.

How Red Dot Optics Work

Red dot optics work by reflecting a red LED onto a specially coated piece of glass, creating the illusion that the dot is being projected downrange. The size and shape of the dot can vary depending on the model. The size is usually measured in MOA (minutes of angle), with one MOA equating to about one inch at 100 yards. Smaller dots (1-3 MOA) are better for long-range shooting as they don’t cover the target, while larger dots (3-6 MOA) are ideal for quick, close-range shooting.

Some red dot optics also offer various reticle designs beyond the single dot, such as a Chevron, a circle around the dot, or a cross. These designs can often be toggled to suit different shooting applications.

Red dot housings come in two main styles: tube and open. Tube sights resemble traditional scopes and are generally more durable and capable of projecting a brighter dot. Open sights, often seen on pistols, offer a wider field of view and easier target acquisition but have more exposed internal mechanisms. Tube sights are typically mounted on rifles and are better for distances beyond 100 yards, while open sights are used on pistols or shotguns for quick, short-range shooting.

How to Zero a Red Dot

Zeroing a red dot can be applied to any type of firearm, from shotguns to rifles and pistols. The basic process involves securing the firearm, getting on paper, and dialing in the reticle.

Step 1: Secure the Firearm

After mounting the red dot per the manufacturer’s instructions, support both the front and rear of the firearm. A bipod alone can get you close, but for precise hunting accuracy, it’s better to use a rear support bag or a device like a Lead Sled, which helps remove human error from the equation.

Step 2: Get on Paper

The goal here is to get a single shot on a paper target so you know how to adjust your red dot. Use your cheapest ammunition for this step. There are three main ways to achieve this:

  • Laser Bore Sighter: This device can help get you on paper at 25 or 50 yards, and higher-quality models might be necessary for 100 yards.
  • Traditional Bore Sighting: Remove the bolt and look through the barrel until the target is centered. Then, adjust the red dot to align with the target.
  • Close Range Adjustment: Start with a target at 10-15 yards, take a shot, and adjust the optic. Move the target out to 25-30 yards and repeat until you can move to 50 or 100 yards and still be on paper.

This last method is simple and effective for sighting in at shorter distances, making it easier to get those initial shots on paper.

Step 3: Get Dialed In

Once you have shots on paper, adjust your reticle based on where your shots are landing. Some red dot turrets don’t specify how much each click moves the dot, so this part involves some guesswork. Start by adjusting the reticle based on your first few shots.

For example, if your shots are low and to the right, adjust the red dot up and to the left. Once you have a shot near the bull’s eye, shoot a group of four or five shots to confirm your zero. If the center of the group is in the bull’s eye, you’re set. If not, make further adjustments and shoot another group.

A common frustration for new shooters is knowing exactly where you’re aiming with a red dot. Instead of trying to hold the dot perfectly in the bull’s eye, center the dot within the entire target square. This helps compensate for the lack of precision compared to magnified optics.

Red dots, originally invented by hunters for quick shots of fast-moving games, have found their place in modern hunting and shooting sports. They offer benefits for everyone, from hunters with aging eyes who need a clear, single dot, to big woods hunters needing quick shots, and even to kids learning to shoot. Their simplicity—keep both eyes open, put the dot on the target, and pull the trigger—makes them an excellent choice for a variety of applications.

By understanding how red dots work and following a clear process for zeroing them, hunters and shooters can enhance their accuracy and enjoyment in the field.

Do you have any tips for zeroing a red dot? Leave your thoughts in the comments below. 


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Understanding the Anatomy of Feral Hogs for Optimal Shot Placement


Mammals differ from species to species, but their chest anatomy is remarkably similar. To achieve effective and humane kills, hunters need to understand the anatomy of their game. This article provides a detailed look at the anatomy of feral hogs to better understand where shots will have the most impact. While focusing specifically on hogs, it offers sportsmen guidelines for precise target selection on other game animals as well. Key considerations include the position of the heart and the level of the spine in the forward section of the chest.

Anatomy Insights for Precision

In the provided image, the shoulder has been lifted and the near lung removed to expose the internal anatomy. The heart is situated directly above the rear edge of the leg when the animal is broadside. Main blood vessels enter and exit the top of the heart, making this area a crucial target for a swift kill.

Spine and Chest Considerations


The drop of the spine from the back to the front of the chest is significant. The yellow lines in the image mark the top of the back and the bottom of the chest, showing that in the region of the shoulder, the spine is about halfway between them. The bones of the leg angle forward at a level corresponding to the bottom of the chest, ensuring they don’t block access to the heart.

Weapon Choice and Shot Placement

The hunter’s choice of weapon greatly influences shot placement strategies. A bullet or arrow through the heart causes quick death, but adrenaline release can cause the animal to cover a significant distance in its final moments. Therefore, some rifle hunters prefer to aim for the shoulder blade and spine to anchor the animal on the spot. However, this approach is not recommended for bow hunters.

Targeting the Lungs

The lungs occupy most of the chest cavity back to the diaphragm. Shots that pierce both lungs are quickly fatal. The diaphragm arches forward into the animal’s chest out from where it attaches to the ribcage, and its paunch extends into the same area. The lungs become very thin where the diaphragm meets the ribs, making heart or lung shots ideal for bow hunters.

Precise Shot Placement

The heart sits about a third of the way from the bottom chest’s top, located right above the rear edge of the front leg when the animal is exactly broadside. For a quartering animal, the hunter must judge a spot midway between the backs of the two legs—slightly behind the back edge of the nearest leg for quartering away and in front for quartering toward. 

Anatomical Targets for Effective Shots

During the dissection, the skin on the top of the back was left intact so the shoulder could be laid back into its natural position, allowing a view similar to what a hunter would see. The heart and anterior spine locations are marked, emphasizing the significance of aiming for these areas.

Shots impacting above the spine are unlikely to result in a recovered animal. The heart remains the most reliable target. However, a rifle hunter may aim for the front location marked “spine” to anchor the animal on the spot. The spine is near the top of the back in the abdomen and the rearmost region of the chest. While the back appears to progress forward toward the head in a straight line, this illusion is due to longer and longer fins sticking up from the vertebrae in the forward part of the chest. The spine itself drops low in the chest, typically about halfway down from the top of the back to the bottom of the chest.

Choosing the Right Aimpoint


Choosing the precise aimpoint depends on the hunter’s ability, the weapon, the steadiness of the rest, whether the game is stationary or moving, and the distance to the animal. It is always best to choose targets that inspire the utmost confidence. If conditions diminish the probability of a perfect shot, consider aiming for lethal areas with bigger margins of error. For instance, the heart/lung shot offers more room for error than a spine shot.

Knowing your chest anatomy is helpful for both bow and gun hunters alike when it comes to delivering quick, lethal shots consistently. 

Do you have any tips or insights into shot placement for feral hogs? Leave your thoughts in the comments below.

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